The Mozart Myth
Relevant LinksWoldgang Amadeus Mozart
Josef Myslivececk (1737 - 1781)
Myslivececk, of Bohemian origin, was a huge influence and supplier to Mozart of many works in the years before his death (1781). He is the most frequently mentioned and virtually suppressed composer in the Mozart family correspondence. Much suppressed from biographies on Mozart, for sure. See article on in 'Groves Dictionary of Music and Musicians'.
Johann Baptist Vanhal (1739-1813)
Vanhal Double Bass Concerto
Vanhal was a lifetime friend and associate of the Mozart family before and after Mozart's arrival in Vienna in 1781. In fact he lived in close proximity to Mozart in Vienna during all of Mozart's final decade. His career was itself greatly suppressed from 1781 onwards after the arrival of Mozart in the Austrian capital (before which Vanhal was one of the leading composers of that city and had had no less than 80 works published there before 1781). His disappearance from the music scene from around that year onwards is one of the great mysteries of 18th century music.
Antonio Casimir Cartellieri (1772-1807)
Cartellieri. One of the most extraordinary talents of this time. Yet another hugely talented composer almost unknown today. He assisted in completing various 'Mozart' works for publication during the decade which followed Mozart's death and even became a close friend of Ludwig van Beethoven during Beethoven's early years in the city. Both men were patronised by Prince Lobkowitz and soon became close friends. Attached is a rare recording of a movement from a Flute Concerto in G Major of his - strikingly 'Mozartean'. (Cartellieri also shared the first public concert in 1795 given in Vienna by Ludwig van Beethoven at the Palace of Prince Lobkowitz and yet he too is today amazingly almost unknown, even by lovers of classical music). At that time Cartellieri's popularity was almost as great as that of Beethoven himself ). Cartellieri was recruited by Lobkowitz that same year (1795) and spent the rest of his life with archives of 'Mozart' in Bohemia. He also assisted Beethoven in 'rehearsals' of the 3rd Beethoven Symphony, the 'Eroica', whose dedication (finally published in London in 1809) was not as is often presumed to Napoleon Bonaparte but to Cartellieri himself, who had recently died.
These are only 3 of many little known composers whose entire careers were crucial to creation of 'Mozart's' reputation but which have been massively suppressed ever since by the rise of the Mozart industry. Others include the music of Paul and Anton Wranitsky, Maria Theresia von Paradis, Nannerl Mozart, Vicenzo Righini, Andrea Luchesi, etc.
The amazing stylistic similarities with 'Mozart' in the music of these composers had to be buried. By the emerging 'Mozart industry'. So too their association with Mozart's career, both during his lifetime and in the decades which followed it. 'Mozart' was a corporate project of the late 'Holy Roman Empire'. The full details of which are only slowly emerging.